Category Archives: EDUCATION

Hockey

Hockey is the famous sport of world, which played by two opponent teams with a curved stick and a ball. Hockey is outdoor game which is played by 11 players in each team and it has two teams. Hockey is one of the ancient sport of world, there are many evidences found during discovery of ancient Egypt about Hockey, which was near about 4000 years old. That time the game was being played between warriors; sometimes for victory of kingdom and sometimes just for fun. In India the British Empire made this game popular. At any time Hockey was the National game of India. But now it is just like any other sport. Hockey includes three types of variation of Hockey- Bandy hockey, Ice hockey and Field Hockey.

The word Hockey is still unknown, but experts say that the shape of Hockey stick is like curved hook, that’s why the games name is considered as Hockey. Many of evidences found which proofs that Hockey is not a new game, but actually very old, the ball and sticks made with horns have been found in discovery. One can still watch this in museum of Athens and Greece.

If we talk about Indian Hockey then Calcutta is the first center of Hockey, and here the first club was build up in 1885. And after came up in Punjab and Mumbai. Many times India has won the gold medal in Hockey, and made Our Country proud. In 1928, Indian Hockey team which was the first Non European team had won the gold medal, which was first Olympic gold medal of India, and after that India won many gold medals one by one. That’s why Hockey is considered as National game of India, but officially it is not announced.

Hockey is considered as national game of India, and there are many reasons behind it, hockey has some variations like Field Hockey, Ice Hockey and Bandy Hockey, Roller skates Hockey. Field Hockey is considered as National Game of India, which is played by two teams on a grass field. And field hockey was introduced by British Empire in India in 19th century. The first hockey association was Bengal Hockey association of India, which was established in 1908. From 1929 to 1956 was the golden period for India in Hockey because India won the Gold medal step by step in Olympic, that’s why hockey game became National game of India. And Indian Players has done tremendous job and hard work for victory, the moment is still memorizing for every Indian.

The game period is 70 minutes, and there are two halves for 35-35 minutes but from 2014 now there are 4 halves with the gap of 15 minutes and 2 min for rest break for players after every period. There are 11 players in each team 10 for field and 1 for goalkeeping. Each player plays with a hockey stick which is 200 c.m. long and maximum weight of stick is around 737 grams. And a ball made with tough plastic, players have to goal it to the goalkeeper, the players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or kick it. Two field umpires look after the game and which team scores more; win the match.

Cricket

Cricket is one of the most popular games in the world. It is equally popular in the West as it is in India. Cricket players are worshiped like hero. We can see children playing cricket in villages and towns. Cricket is a highly lucrative game. It brings name, fame, wealth and money. Cricket players are showered with prizes and awards. Today, cricket offers a good career opportunity. Children have great fascination for cricket. It has become the number one game all over the world and has a bright future. A cricket match, especially, one-day match is a great show anywhere in the world. In India, many people take leave to enjoy the game of cricket particularly if it is being played between India and Pakistan. Thousands of persons feel overjoyed to see a cricket match either in stadium or on television screen. Big corporate giants sponsor a cricket match and give great prizes to the good performances.

Cricket is a bat-and-ball kind of game that is played between two teams, 11 players in each of them. The field has an oval shape and in the center there is rectangular 22-yard long pitch. In the game process, one team bats and tries to score runs, the more, the better, while the second team fields and bowls, and attempts to dismiss the batsmen and limit runs received by the first team. Teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of innings.

The history of cricket started in the 16th century in England. The first written evidence dates back to 1598. Then it was called creckett. There are many facts that make it clear that cricket was actively developing in the 17th century, and by its end it became an organized activity that was played for high stakes. In the next century it became the national sport of England. Since then it gained recognition and today there are fans around the world and matches gather lots of people who are dedicated to this game.

Today, cricket has become a passion. Every young boy wants to become a Tendulkar. Tendulkar is the hero of the young generation. In fact, Tendulkar has become a brand name. The young generation devotes their lots of time and energy in trying to shape their career as a cricketer. Whenever a cricket match is held particularly India-Pakistan match, the whole atmosphere is changed. The whole nation wears a festive look. People can be seen discussing matches. There is firework with every shot and every catch. On such days people have nothing to discuss but cricket. When the Indian team wins, there is a great show of fireworks. It is enjoyed by bursting of crackers. People are overjoyed at the win of the Indian team. Governments offer handful gifts to the good performances.

Unfortunately, in recent years cricket has been defamed by match-fixing. It denigrated the prestige of many players and more importantly caused a decline in the popularity of cricket. People lost attraction for the game. But it is such a favorite game of the people that within no time it regained its lost popularity. Everything was back on the track.

Hindi Diwas

Hindi Diwas is celebrated in all the Hindi-speaking regions across India. It is an annual function celebrated on 14 September every year. Mostly this day is a government sponsored event and is celebrated with utmost zeal at offices, schools, firms, etc in India. The primary motive of the Government behind celebrating this occasion is to promote and spread the culture of Hindi language. You may be a part of such celebration someday and may be required to deliver speech. We prepare you for such honorable day. Our sample speech on Hindi Diwas would certainly give you ideas about how to make your speech impressive. We have shared short speech on Hindi Diwas, perfect for school level celebration and the long speech on Hindi Diwas is suitable for College or at office levels. These sample speeches not only give you the background of the day, but also the language is very easy to understand which will make your Hindi Diwas Speech informative and inspiring for your listeners.

Our organisation gives much importance to the celebration of this day. Even though our publishing house publishes newspapers and magazines in English language; but we give utmost respect to our mother tongue Hindi as it is our national language. Now, please allow me to share the background of Hindi Diwas! On 14 September in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India had accepted Hindi as the official language of India. This decision was sanctioned by the Constitution of India and came into effect on 26 January 1950. As per the Article 343, Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagari script was accepted as the official language. Now, there are two languages which are officially used at the Union Government of India level, i.e. Hindi and English.

You all must be aware about the competition that was running since the past one month in our office. Every year, we do something interesting and informative to celebrate Hindi Diwas. Since we are a publishing house, the celebration more often circulates around education. This year our theme was ‘Kabir Das ke Dohe’ ( Poems of Saint Kabir Das). The participants were supposed to do research on the poems of Kabir Das and present the same through plays, songs, various Indian dance forms, etc basically in a creative and innovative manner. We received applauding participation from several colleagues in the celebration that was held last week. We will be announcing the result of the competition today itself.

I am very glad to learn that there are still many people who are interested in preserving our Indian culture and traditions and still holding on to the importance of Hindi language. I appeal to everyone present here that to use the language in their everyday lives as much as possible and make it more widespread amongst the people.

Unfortunately, the significance of the language ‘Hindi’ is dying down. People who speak Hindi are looked at with suspicion by the so-called high class society. People feel ashamed in the public places to converse in Hindi. However, I also see several educated people interacting very confidently in Hindi. I have come across several people who feel very connected when they speak in Hindi.

Hindi is our national language and we should always feel proud to use the language as much as possible.

Leadership

Leadership is defined as the process in which an individual influences the group of individuals to attain a common goal. The goal is attained by mutual cooperation and cohesive behavior. A leader infuses a sense of positivist and directs others to reach the specified goal.

Various theories since years have been formulated by psychologists to explain the traits of a leader. Certain traits of a good leader were listed by the researchers as: intelligence, extra version, and adjustment, openness to experience, general self-efficacy and conscientiousness. It has been inferred that an individual possessing these traits results as a good leader.

Another theory suggests that great events lead an ordinary individual to emerge as a leader. Then there is a third theory which emphasizes that leadership is a transformation or a process. Anyone can become a leader by learning the leadership skills.

A leader is someone who stands not only for his cause but takes responsibility and motivates other individuals also. There is a clear difference between being a boss and a leader. A leader is a motivation for others and inspires individuals to aim high and attain that aim. However a boss only supervises over his subordinates. Power naturally comes to a leader but that power is not a tool of leader.

Rather if one tries to control the circumstances with power it turns out to be authoritarian or even suppressible in its expression.

Leadership is not a quality but it is an individuals behavior. A leader showcases a positive attitude and high self esteem. He assertively works towards the goal but never gets pushy for it. A continuous self study, training, evaluation and imbibing positive things in life develop the characteristics of a leader.

Situations are never in our hands but reaction is always that we can control. A leader not only reacts positively but also helps other members of the group to see the brighter side of the picture.

It has also been noticed that only those persons are considered as good leaders who have gained the trust and confidence of their subordinates. Communication plays a vital role in this regard. The other thing that people respect is knowledge.

Proficiency in subject is the main driving force. The next factor is the execution of idea. A leader always executes the things effectively. He works as a team and team welfare is his primary goal. A leader is looked upon by his subordinates critically also. A man of high moral values and integrity can only become a good leader.

It has always been a matter of controversy as to what makes an individual different from others. Some emphasis that is an innate quality while some advocate that it is a matter of practice only. To sum up, leadership is a quality which is if present naturally is welcome or otherwise can be developed by acquiring desired skills.

Corruption

Corruption is the highly infectious social disease which has spread its roots to the mind of the bad people. No one take birth to do such type of bad activities in the society however some bad conditions of their life forced them to do so. Gradually they become habitual for all of these bad activities. However, people suffering from any problem, disease, etc should keep patience and trust on themselves and never do anything bad in life. As, one negative step of anyone may harm the lives of many people. We are not a single entity on this earth, there are many like us, so we should think a little about others and live life happily and peacefully with positive thoughts.

Now-a-days, lots of benefits are given by the government of India to the poor people on the basis of various rules and regulations to bring social awareness among common people as well as equality in the society. However, poor people are not getting benefited of those advantages given by the government as many officers doing corruption secretly in between the channel before reaching to the poor people. They are doing corruption against law for just fulfilling their own pockets with money.

There are many causes of corruption in the society. Now-a-days political leaders are making interest oriented programmes and policies instead of nation oriented programmes and policies. They are just wishing to be famous politician for completing their own interests instead of citizens interests and requirement. There is increasing level of change in the value system in the human mind as well as decreasing ethical qualities of human being. The level of trust, faith and honesty is decreasing which gives rise to the corruption.

The number of common people with increased tolerance power towards corruption is increasing. There is a lack of strong public forum in the society in order to oppose the corruption, widespread illiteracy in rural areas, poor economic infrastructure, etc are the reasons of endemic corruption in the public life. Low salaries norms of the government employees force them towards channel of corruption. Complex laws and procedures of the government distract common people to get any type of help from government. During election time, corruption become at its highest peak. Politicians always take support of poor and illiterate people by dreaming them big in future during their governance however nothing happens after win.

Student Life

Student Life refers to the part of life that a student spends studying in schools, colleges and universities. Like all other phases of life, student life has its own peculiar joys and sorrows, its own responsibilities and worries.

Responsible: A student carries immense responsibilities on his shoulders. At first sight, he seems to have a free and easy time, because he is not called upon to earn. The students have to depend on their guardians. Students know how hard it is for the guardians to pay for their educational expenses, and no wonder many of them have to combine earning with learning.

Idealism: Student life is also marked by a deep idealism. As pointed out before, in youth men are away from the hard struggle of life; they do not know how ideals fly away at the touch of reality. They have hope and courage, and they want to make the world better. Whenever there is a famine or a flood, it is easy to enlist the services of students. They are here, there and everywhere, trying to do their little bit for suffering humanity.

Team spirit: An important feature of student life is the sense of team-spirit. Students are young men and women full of high spirits. They organize socials, musical soirees, dramas, cultural festivals and sports and games. If we go to the football ground, we find that the majority of players and spectators are students. Men work by themselves and look to their own interests. But students are always for their class, their school or college and their team. It is this loyalty that makes all their ventures enjoyable. If we go to see a students match, the shouts and cries of the enthusiastic spectators are often more interesting than the skill of the players.

Limited period: Student life is a period of preparation. Students may join politics, they may take part in sports and games or they may engage themselves in other extra academic activities but they must know that all these are not ends in themselves but part of a training that will fit them for the greater work of life. They must not lose themselves in these other activities in which they can take part in a spirit of detachment. These may be good in their own way, but these must not be allowed to absorb all their energies.

Indian Politics

Indian Politics refers to the activities of the political parties associated with the governance and administration of India at every level, viz. national, state, district and panchayat level.

A Politician is person who is professionally involved in politics. Usually, he has good influence over the general people.

It is often said that politics is the art and technique of government. Every idea has an intention, similarly political idea also has the intention for implementation, but many people see this with negative mindset. It includes the activities to stay in power or to influence the government policies. It also includes the law-making policies and procedure.

Introduction to Indian Politics
Mahatma Gandhi stated about the place of ethics in politics. He told that politics without ethics and principles were not desirable. The principles are the moral principles. According to his philosophy political, life should be governed by truth, morality and self-purification. Gandhiji’s politics were bound up with truth and non-violence. He also prescribed that country should concern with the morals of her leaders. Devotion to truth was drawn by him to half corruption. He had no intention to indulge the religious matter. He interpreted that religious matter is a death-trap because it kills the soul.

Roles and responsibilities of Politicians
The role of the Politicians is to deal with national issues and drive the country in full gear. They should aim at improving the economic, financial, military strength of the country.

Economic development of all the sections of the society should be the aim of politicians. They should come forward in support of public-welfare schemes such as food for all, house for all, education for all, etc.

It is the duty of the Politicians to check corruption, nepotism, crisis in politics and ethnic problems. They should work to bring communal harmony.

They should exercise wisdom in every work of national politics. They should practice ethical culture. The political parties should try to build confidence of political wisdom by their good work.

People expect good qualities in a politician. They expect them to be trustworthy.

They should come forward to check and stop unlawful activities.

Disappointment
People go to vote but they have unpopular leaders of popular parties. Only symbols are elected not politicians. This scenario shows that, often, people are being disappointed by our political leaders. They may devalue the public-moral and erode the very essence of democracy.

Money also plays a dominant role in the Indian politics, especially during election. Vote is purchased by the party men. Ambitions, influential people impact on every country’s political set up.

Conclusion
Finally, it can be admitted to all that politicians should be free from vitiated politics.

They should have a constructive view in respect of welfare of mass.

They would always try to eradicate the corruption from the national life by root and branch and at the same time they can reach to their honest goal by hearkening to the inconveniences of the public.

Society can find emancipation of deep-rooted troubles of their own by following their constructive uttering.

Indian Army

India has one of the finest armies in the world. Our soldiers have proved their mettle in all theatres of wars since prehistoric times, hi recent times our soldiers were sent to the Congo, Suez, Indo-China and Korea on missions of peace.

During the last two World Wars our soldiers fought in Europe, Africa and the Middle East and won laurels for the British Empire. Our soldiers served in France and other countries also.

They helped to bring Hitler and his armies to their knees. Wherever they were sent, victory was theirs. It goes to the credit of the Indian Anny that the first Victoria Cross went to the credit of an Indian soldier.

Our soldiers have never surrendered. Their motto has always been “do or die”. In the India-China war of October-November 1962 and later in the Indo-Pak war of September, 1965 one Indian soldier killed many times his enemy counterparts on various fronts.

If India retreated in the India-China war it was not for want of courage but for want of adequate weapons which the Chinese had and we did not. hi fact our soldiers were not even adequately clothed. As an American paper said, our soldiers were fighting on icy tops of the mountains in summer uniforms.

If we had fought for the British so heroically, we could certainly fight for defending our freedom. But we have to train our army for the purpose. We are not only short of weapons but also short of trained officers to lead the armies. We will have to fill all the gaps as rapidly as possible. It is a hazardous task to give rapid promotion to junior officers but we are sure they will justify the confidence of the nation placed in them.

The Indian Army has three wings-land forces, navy and air force. The Chiefs of the three forces are directly under the President of India, who is the Supreme Commander of our armed forces.

The three wings of the Indian Army need to be strengthened. It is a pity that some of the leaders of our country failed to foresee the Chinese threat and slowed down defense production. The India-China war has served a useful purpose. With the aid of friendly nations we will soon make up the loss. Let every Indian soldier remember the inspiring message of one of the ablest leaders of India, Sardar Patel:-

“The deeds of gallantry you performed in the two Great wars adorn the pages of world history. Even the enemy recognized your merit in war. You proved yourself first-class soldiers, inferior to none in the world. But then you fought for others. Now you have to fight for your own country, your beloved India.

“You should prepare yourself for the responsibility which will continue to increase. We have won the freedom. It is for you to guard it. You have to make an all-round effort to maintain and consolidate it. Let the discharge of your duties be your privilege. You will enhance the reputation of your country and the country will be proud of you.”

Kabaddi

Two teams are on opposite halves of a small field. They take turns sending a “raider” into the other half. This is to win points by tackling members of the opposing team. Then the raider tries to return to his own half. He holds his breath and chants the word “Kabaddi” during the whole raid. The raider must not cross the lobby unless he touches any of his opponents. If he does not touch anyone then he will be “out”. There is also a bonus line. If the raider touches it and returns to his side of the field, he will get extra points.

In the international team version of kabaddi there are two teams of seven members. Each are on opposite halves of a field of 10 m * 13 m in case of men and 8 m * 12 m in case of women.Each has three extra players held in reserve. The game is played with 20-minute halves. There is a five-minute half-time break when the teams change sides.

All work and no play make jack a dull boy is a very well known proverb. Games are very useful for health. They refresh and recreate the energy that has been lost in the days work. Students who have to study hard must play some games. There are a number of games both Indian and Foreign. Crickets, Tennis, Football are a number of games. They are costly. On the other hand Kabaddi , Wrestling etc. are Indian games. I like to play Kabaddi more than any other game. It is my favorite game.

Kabaddi can easily be played in a small field. It does not require a large play ground. The field is divided into two parts by drawing a line in the middle. There are two teams, each of eight players. One team plays on each side of the line. A player from one of the teams goes to other side and tries to touch a player of the opposite side. If he is captured, he is declared, “DEAD”. On the other hand, if he succeeds and returns to his side of the line, the player who has been touched is supposed to be “DEAD”. The dead player sits apart and does not participate in the game. In this way, the game continues till one of the parties is defeated.

I like ‘Kabaddi’ for a number of reasons. It does not require a large play-ground. It can be played even in the court-yard of a house. It is very cheap. The players have to be alert constantly. The game is good for health. The players have constantly to run and jump. They are active throughout. The game does not required much time. It recreates and gives good exercise only within a few minutes.

For all these reasons, ‘Kabaddi’ is my favorite game. It should be made compulsory in schools and colleges. At present there are no suitable arrangements for games in schools. Foreign games are costly, and need large playground. So most of the students do not play any of the games, this is a serious short-coming. It can be overcome by making Kabaddi compulsory.

Republic Day

Our Motherland India was slave under the British rule for long years during which Indian people were forced to follow the laws made by British rule. After long years of struggle by the Indian freedom fighters, finally India became independent on 15th of August in 1947. After two and half years later Indian Government implemented its own Constitution and declared India as the Democratic Republic. Around two years, eleven months and eighteen days was taken by the Constituent Assembly of India to pass the new Constitution of India which was done on 26th of January in 1950. After getting declared as a Sovereign Democratic Republic, people of India started celebrating 26th of January as a Republic Day every year.

Celebrating Republic Day every year is the great honor for the people living in India as well as people of India in abroad. It is the day of great importance and celebrated by the people with big joy and enthusiasm by organizing and participating in various events. People wait for this day very eagerly to become part of its celebration again and again. Preparation work for the republic day celebration at Rajpath starts a month before and way to India Gate becomes close for common people and security arrangement done a month before to avoid any type of offensive activities during celebration as well as safety of the people.

A big celebration arrangement in the national capital, New Delhi and State capitals takes place all over the India. Celebration starts with the National Flag unfolding by the President of India and singing National Anthem. Following this Indian army parade, state wise Jhankis, march-past, awards distribution, etc activities takes place. At this day, the whole environment becomes full of the sound of National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”.

Students of schools and colleges are very keen to celebrate this event and starts preparation around a month before. Students performing well in the academic, sports or other fields of education are honored with the awards, prizes and certificates on this day. Family people celebrate this day with their friends, family and children by participating in activities organized at social places. Every people become ready in the early morning before 8 am to watch the celebration at Rajpath, New Delhi in the news at TV. At this day of great honor every Indian people should sincerely promise to safeguard the Constitution, maintain peace and harmony as well as support in the development of country.