Category Archives: Tally Accounting

Creating Ledgers

Steps for Creating Ledgers Account

Gateway of Tally >> Account Info >> Ledgers

Name of the LedgerGroup Debit(Dr)  Credit(Cr) 
ICICI BankBank Account    35,000.00
DepositsBank Account    40,000.00
Petty CashCash in Hand         500.00
StockStock in Hand    50,000.00
Sharma & Sons.Sundry Debtors      5,000.00
H. Singh & Co.Sundry Debtors    15,000.00
Building CostFixed Assets    75,000.00
Office Equipment CostFixed Assets    25,000.00
Tax Deducted at SourceDuties & Taxes      1,000.00
Sales Tax / VATDuties & Taxes      3,000.00
RamjilalSundry Creditors    16,000.00
R. N. Iyer & Co.Sundry Creditors         500.00
Mutual Trust LoanLoans (Liability)    50,000.00
Opening BalanceCapital Account 1,10,000.00
Equity System SalesSales Account 1,25,000.00
Part SalesSales Account    45,000.00
Software SalesSales Account    30,000.00
PurchasePurchase Account 1,20,000.00
WagesDirect Expenses    10,000.00
Freight ChargesDirect Expenses         500.00
SalariesIndirect Expenses    20,000.00
Office CostIndirect Expenses      3,500.00
AdvertisingIndirect Expenses      2,000.00
Bank ChargesIndirect Expenses      2,500.00
Building DepreciationIndirect Expenses      2,500.00
Office Equipment DepreciationIndirect Expenses      1,000.00

Basic Accounting

Basic Accounting Concepts

Accounting: It is an art of recording, classifying and summarizing in significant manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are of financial character and interpreting the results thereof.

Business transaction: A business transaction is “The movement of money and money’s worth form one person to another”. Or exchange of values between two parties is also known as “Business Transaction”.

Purchase: A purchase means goods purchased by a businessman from suppliers.

Sales: Sales is goods sold by a businessman to his customers.

Purchase Return or Rejection in or Outward Invoice: Purchase return means the return of the full or a part of goods purchased by the businessman to his suppliers.

Sales Return or Rejection out or Inward Invoice: Sales return means the return of the full or a part of the goods sold by the customer to the businessman.

Assets: Assets are the things and properties possessed by a businessman not for resale but for the use in the business.

Liabilities: All the amounts payable by a business concern to outsiders are called liabilities.

Capital: Capital is the amount invested for starting a business by a person.

Debtors:Debtor is the person who owes amounts to the businessman.

Creditor: Creditor is the person to whom amounts are owed by the businessman.

Debit: The receiving aspect of a transaction is called debit or Dr.

Credit: The giving aspect of a transaction is called credit or Cr.

Drawings: Drawings are the amounts withdrawn (taken back) by the businessman from his business for his personal, private and domestic purpose. Drawings may be made in the form cash, goods and assets of the business.

Receipts: It is a document issued by the receiver of cash to the giver of cash acknowledging the cash received voucher.

Account: Account is a summarized record of all the transactions relating to every person, every thing or property and every type of service.

Ledger: The book of final entry where accounts lie.

Journal entries: A daily record of transaction.

Trail Balance: It is a statement of all the ledger account balances prepared at the end of particular period to verify the accuracy of the entries made in books of accounts.

Profit: Excess of credit side over debit side.

Profit and loss account: It is prepared to ascertain actual profit or loss of the business.

Balance Sheet: To ascertain the financial position of the business. It is a statement of assets and liabilities.

Types of accounts

Personal account: Personal accounts are the accounts of persons, firms, concerns and institutions which the businessmen deal.

Principles: Debit the receiver
Credit the giver

Principles:Debit the receiver
Credit the giver

Real Account: These are the accounts of things, materials, assets & properties. It has physical existence which can be seen & touch.

Ex. Cash, Sale, Purchase, Furniture, Investment etc.

Principles: Debit what comes in
Credit what goes out

Nominal account: Nominal account is the account of services received (expenses and Losses) and services given (income and gain)

Ex. Salary, Rent, Wages, Stationery etc.

Principles: Debit all expense/losses
Credit what goes out

Here is the Slide Show representing various concepts of Accounting Concepts